June 14 is celebrated World Blood Donor Day 2021, date to remember and thank the volunteer donors for this altruistic act in order to offer and guarantee the quality, safety and availability of blood and its products. Do you know what to do if you want to donate blood?
With this fact, millions of lives can be saved per year. We tell you some things that you know if you want to donate blood.
Why a world blood donor day 2021?
To recognize the action that people who donate blood take in order to help others. This is how it takes place on June 14 to commemorate the birth of Karl Landsteiner, who was born on June 14, 1868, being an Austrian pathologist and biologist who discovered ABO blood groups. For this he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, in 1930.
At what age can this action be done?
According to the WHO, you must be between 18 and 65 years old. However, in some countries national legislation allows young people between the ages of 16 and 17 to donate as long as they meet the required physical and haematological criteria. And in others, regular donors over the age of 65 may be accepted at the discretion of the responsible physician.
Is there a specific weight to donate blood?
Yes, at least you must weigh 50 or more than 50 kilos. In some countries, whole blood donors must weigh at least 45 kg to donate 350 ml ± 10%.
What if I donate blood and I have a cold or the flu?
Well then you better not do it. Because among the requirements to carry out this action is to be in good health at the time of donating.
That is, we cannot do it when you have a cold, flu, sore throat, mouth ulcers, gastric infection, or any other infection.
Neither, and according to the WHO, after having a tattoo or piercing, it cannot be donated for 6 months. Not even after minor dental procedures do you have to wait 24 hours to donate, and if it is a question of major dental procedures you have to wait a month. Nor if you do not have the minimum hemoglobinemia required for donation.
This year the slogan launched by the WHO for the campaign to donate blood is: Donate blood so that the world continues to beat.
On this day an opportunity is offered to urge governments and national health authorities to provide sufficient resources and establish systems and infrastructures to increase the collection of blood from voluntary and unpaid donors.
Blood shortages are particularly acute in developing countries.