What is ketoacidosis in diabetics


Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body reaches high levels of blood acids, called ketones. It is a very serious condition that can be life-threatening and it is therefore essential to be alert to its symptoms.

Ketoacidosis symptoms

The first symptoms of ketoacidosis are the same as with high blood sugar levels: needing to urinate more frequently and feeling more thirsty than usual.

Symptoms are aggravated if blood sugar levels do not drop. These are:

  • Discomfort
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Stomach ache
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion

Ketoacidosis characteristics

Ketoacidosis is generated when the body cannot produce enough insulin to control it. Insulin is essential for sugar, essential energy for muscles and tissues, to enter cells.

If there is little insulin, the body begins to break down fat for fuel, and in this process, Acids build up in the bloodstream called ketones.

If not treated properly, these ketones degenerate into diabetic ketoacidosis.

Feeling sick, with stomach pain and vomiting can be misinterpreted as a symptom of gastroenteritis. But if the sufferer suffers from diabetes, it is essential to control the levels of sugar and ketones in the blood.

Diabetics generally check their blood sugar levels in the morning, but ketoacidosis can develop at night. For that reason, before any of the symptoms, a second sugar check should be carried out in the hours of the night

Diabetic control

Causes of ketoacidosis

  • Have gastroenteritis with vomiting and diarrhea. Some people make the serious mistake of stopping their insulin.
  • Having fallen ill with type 1 diabetes, not being diagnosed and not receiving adequate treatment.
  • Have a fever or a contagious illness. Blood sugar levels rise if the insulin dose has not been adjusted.
  • Having suffered a serious injury, such as burns or a broken bone.

When to see the doctor?

  • If you are vomiting and cannot tolerate food or liquids.
  • If he blood sugar level is higher than the target range.
  • If the level of ketones in the urine is relatively high.

When to seek emergency care?

  • If he sugar level is higher than 300 milligrams per deciliter.
  • Yes there are ketones in the urine and communication with a physician for advice is not possible.
  • If many signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis arise: thirst, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, confusion.

Share this information with your friends with diabetes, they should know this data and be alert, to prevent ketoacidosis. Leave your comments on this topic below.

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