Just as the white blood cells are responsible for immunizing the body against external aggressions that it may suffer, the monocytes they are the cells responsible for these defenses, born in the bone marrow, and distinguishable by being the largest in the circulation.
The main activity of monocytes has to do with cleaning the blood, eliminating older cells and the bacteria or viruses that lodge in them, to replace them with others, evolving towards a healthier environment in every corner of the body.
As responsible for phagocytosis, this class of white blood cells is key to the correct functioning of the human body, and that is why it turns out to be of vital importance to maintain normal levels or values of them.
What are normal values for monocytes?
To find out what is the value of monocytes in each patient, a test called a hemogram is performed, an analysis that determines the levels of each of the blood components, including platelets, red blood cells and, of course, also white blood cells.
Typically, these quantities are expressed from a ratio of cubic millimeters. While an adult should show about 11,000 mm3 of white blood cells, the advisable representation of monocytes is 2% to 10% of that number, between 200 to 1000 / mm3.
In the case of children, however, monocytes have a presence that can be much less or much greater, between 100 and 1500 / mm3, a more flexible margin than that of adults.
What if they are high?
As we mentioned at the beginning, the normal values of monocytes are affected when an external risk is registered, so that too high figures warn of situations like this.
A high level of monocytes could be a first symptom of certain infectious diseases, or warn about a chronic condition.
Even, checking the type of monocytes that have multiplied, it is possible to find out if it is bacteria or viruses behind the problems that the organism shows.
Beyond these minor circumstances, to call them in some way, there are certain serious health problems, such as acute monocytic leukemia or myelomonocytic leukemia, capable of modifying the definitive monocyte count.