A sprained or dislocated finger is an injury called a sprain and occurs when Ligaments, the tissue that connect joints, are torn or overstretched. Sprains are extremely common injuries, particularly for those who play sports.
Symptoms and types of sprains
The general symptoms of sprains are the severe pain, swelling, limited mobility, and bruising.
There are three different grades of sprains:
1st degree sprain
This type of sprain is the mildest. Ligaments stretch, but they do not tear. Symptoms include severe pain and swelling of the joint, in addition to the inability to flex or extend the finger.
Second degree sprain
Is considered a moderate sprain where the ligament takes more damage. The joint capsule is likely to be damaged and the tissue partially torn.
Symptoms include very severe pain, significant swelling, which can spread to the entire finger and mild instability of the joint.
Third degree sprain
A third degree sprain is the most serious and indicates a severe tear or rupture of the ligament. Symptoms can include partial or total dislocation finger, excruciating pain and noticeable swelling, as well as finger discoloration.
First aid for a sprained, broken, or dislocated finger
To treat a dislocated finger at home, the first action to take is apply ice and do not move the affected joint.
In a soft cloth, a few should be wrapped ice cubes Y apply to the area for 20 minutes, several times a day. It is also advisable to immerse the affected hand in cold water, as this reduces swelling and reduces pain.
The joint must be maintained the more possible in an elevated position, particularly at night. You can also place a compress between your fingers and tape them to reduce pain and accidental rubbing.
How to treat pain
To alleviate the pain, they can taking pain relievers such as Ibuprofen or Paracetamol every 8 hours. If the pains continue and the swelling does not subside after several hours, it is advisable to consult the doctor to accurately determine the severity of the injury.
If the sprain is severe enough, the doctor may immobilize the finger with a splint, to ensure proper healing. As usual, These bandages should be kept for about 2 weeks.
In some cases where the ligaments of the finger are severely torn, the specialist may intervene surgically to repair them.
Keep these tips in mind in an emergency and share them on your social networks, as it is also convenient for your friends to know them.
Leave your comments below and offer your advice, based on your own experiences with a crooked, broken, or dislocated finger.