Many times, due to simple ignorance, we tend to use the terms allergy and intolerance as if they were synonymous, when in reality there are many issues that distinguish both phenomena. Do you know the differences between allergy and intolerance?
The first thing we must say, in this sense, is that this confusion is due to the fact that the more general symptoms of allergy and intolerance to certain foods are quite similar, so that someone without notions, or without a specific diagnosis, could compare them by mistake.
Immune system and digestive system
To be clear once and for all, it is essential to bear in mind that allergies represent a immune system reaction, while it does not participate in intolerances, related to digestive and metabolic processes.
While an allergy is generated when the immune system recognizes a harmful substance in contact with our body, alerting us to it; a Food intolerance is neither more nor less than the reaction of the digestive system to a deficit of enzymes that prevents you from metabolizing food.
What are the most common symptoms of allergies and intolerances?
We already said before that the bodily manifestations of allergies and intolerances can have points in common, and that is that both share several of the frequent, like belly pain, bloating, nausea and vomiting, cramps and many others.
Basically, the most notable distinction between the two conditions is that allergies add to respiratory ailments, such as coughing, sneezing, excessive mucus, etc.
The most common is that these rejections of the organism, are due to allergies or intolerances, they are mild, although a small percentage of the situations will require specialized medical attention.
Finally, if you are not clear about the reasons for these discomforts, it is most likely that it is a food intolerance, which can take up to 24 hours to appear, unlike allergy explosions, evident just a few minutes after the episode.
How should the allergic and intolerant act?
In the case of allergy sufferers, the recommendation is that they completely eliminate all contact with the substance that causes it. The problem is that, sometimes, this is not so simple, since we talk about substances that are very present in the day to day and that require permanent attention.
Regarding food intolerances, there are treatments that tend to prepare the body to accept and tolerate small amounts of these foods, although it is preferable to try to eliminate them little by little or replace them with others that do not pose a threat.